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Abu Simbel - Festval of Light

The most remarkable feature of the site is that the temple is precisely oriented so that twice every year, on 22 February and 22 October, the first rays of the morning sun shine down the entire length of the temple-cave to illuminate the back wall of the innermost shrine and the statues of the four gods seated there.

The gods Ptah, Amun-Ra, the deified Ramses II, and Re-Horakhte. Precisely this same effect was apparently also fundamental to the design of the artificial "cave" of Newgrange in Ireland.

South of Egypt, road to Abu Simbel The temple of Abu Simbel
Entering the temple of Abu Simbel The room with the lighted gods
'Special Events of Light', appear in the great temple of Abu Simbel in Egypt twice a year.
Such events infuence my work as visual artist.

See Joost van Santen Daylight Art in Architecture.